Fix CHKDSK Aborted Corrupt Master File Table Error

Last updated on 6/11/2018

"My 2TB Seagate external hard drive was used to save all my family photos and videos in the past 5 years, however rently when I use it on my computer, it warns 'You need to format the disk in drive F: before you can use it. Do you want to format it now?'. I got quite upset about this and I did some search on the internet and tried CHKDSK to repair the damaged disk, however the command prompt failed too with the error 'Warning! F parameter not specified. Running CHKDSK in read-only mode. Corrupt master file table. Windows will attempt to recover master file table from disk'

And the next message I got is "Windows cannot recover recover master file table, CHKDSK Aborted".

windows cannot recover master file table

This article contains the following parts

Part 1: Recover files

Part 2: Fix Windows cannot recover master file table error

The reason why it happened

There are some possible reasons for this chkdsk aborted when windows cannot recover master file table.

  • Remove the disk without safe removal
  • Bad sectors
  • virus attack
  • power failure
  • System crash...

Part 1: Recover files from unreadable hard drive/usb

STEP1: download iCare Data Recovery Pro to retrieve data from hard drive with corrupt mft error/file directory corrupted unreadable error.

>>File recovery after receiving corrupt master file table error


Download iCare Data Recovery Pro to restore inaccessible photos, videos and files from external hd/hdd/ssd/usb drive saying corrupt master file table chkdsk aborted error.

STEP2: install and open iCare, choose 'Deep Scan Recovery' mode

select recovery

STEP3: Save data after scanning and save them to another disk.

preview found photo

Part 2: Fix Corrupt Master File Table Error on a USB Hard Drive/Partition

Really want to fix/repair/rebuild corrupt master file table of your usb hdd/partition/usb stick/cf memory card when Windows reports Mft corrupt error code 6 please run chkdsk error? No worry! Follow below methods to resolve/solve/repair ntfs mft:

1). CHKDSK MFT repair

Run chkdsk (also called Windows error-checking tool) to repair corrupt master file table:
Right click drive/partition => Properties => Tools => Error-checking.
And then 'Check now...' to fix corrupt mft with chkdsk.

check disk

==>If chkdsk cannot run due to raw format hard drive/memory card, go read CHKDSK is not available for raw drive

2). Run FixMbr command in Windows Recovery Environment

This method fix the “Windows cannot recover master file table” error by running FixMbr command to fix corrupt MBR.

  1. Open Command Prompt
  2. Type bootrec.exe and press Enter.

The parameter /FixMbr allows the repair of a corrupted or damaged Master Boot Record (MBR).

3). Format the disk with cmd or disk management or hp format tool

format raw ntfs cmd

format by disk management

hp format tool

4). Download and Run TestDisk

When Windows cannot recover master file with chkdsk/cmd/diskpart or chkdsk cannot run because the volume is used by another process or else reasons, free download and run TestDisk which can help rebuilt hard disk bootable sector to take chances.

==>You may want to read this: TestDisk convert raw to ntfs without data loss

5). Free master file repair software
As with ntfs file system hard drive/memory card corrupt mft error, there are many free master file repair software tools which is able to perform master file table recovery and rebuilt mft when you cannot recover master table file on your Windows computers.

What Is Hard Drive/Memory Card Master Table File?

The all ntfs file system external drive/usb/sd memory card is designed with a master file table (also briefly called MFT) file which records all information of the files stored in this hard drive/memory card, like their names, size, date and contents and more. However, once there is something wrong with MFT file, like corrupted/missing/deleted master file table file, your hard drive/memory card files can not only be inaccessible, your bootable hard drive even unable to boot up. Hence, fix/rebuild corrupted mft soon to restore its common use.

==>Read more details to know what to do when drive is not accessible, File or directory is corrupted and unreadable.

Last updated on Nov 28, 2023

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