The Problem: WD hard drive io device error when initialize disk in disk management? My passport 2tb usb external hard drive says i/o device error. How do I fix an I O device error on a WD external hard drive?
Also read: The request could not be performed because of an I/O device error
Quick Fix1: When wd hard disk cannot initialize and reported io error, you may try the following method to get it resolved (for logically damaged bad blocks).
Or you may directy try this cmd: chkdsk h: /f (if h is the drive that has io error)
Check out this: chkdsk disk is not available for raw drives fixes
Mostly, the wd disk can be repaired if it's logically damaged with bad blocks.
Not working? If there were important files on the WD removable disk, you may need to restore data from wd disk that has io device error at first, and then do the following repairing.
Also read: wd hard drive data recovery
Quick Fix2: Update wd hard drive in device manager
When the Western Digital external hard disk or internal disk is not functioning well, you may try update the disk in device manager which is provided as a free repair toolkit in Windows computers.
The I/O device error on Western Dgital hard drive, external hard drive, or WD SSD may be caused by logical errors or permanent physical damage.
If it's a brand new WD external hard drive, the io device error on a new wd disk may happen: when the external usb cable is not perperly inserted.
Fix: Try the usb socket at the back side of your pc if it's a desktop since the front usb and the back usb socket have differnet usb versions. (The back usb socket is more compatible with usb disks. The difference comes from usb v1 v2.0 v3.0)
If it's a used wd disk, no matter how frequently you used the disk, the error may comes from logical damages, or bad physical damages
Fix: Here are some free fixes that you may try to fix if it's logical damaged.
I/O device error + filesystem raw on external wd my passport?
Before instroducing the diskpart method to fix the wd disk, here are some free tools that worth trying which are free and easier than diskpart.
#1 IM-Magic Partition Resizer Free
This free tool is able to do the following jobs:
#2 Rufus, a free format utility if the previous one does not get your wd disk formatted
Diskpart can help fix the wd hard disk when it shows no drive letter nor file system information in your computer. You may try the following steps.
How does this work: The above cmd is to list your drive information in the cmd, get it selected, clean its information, and format it for use.
Note: If these above steps failed, you may go with the following steps by adding "attributes disk clean readonly"
When wd hard disk is no longer showing up in my computer or THIS PC or the disk management, you may try the following ways to determine whether the problem is from your wd disk or the usb cable or the computer.
If the disk cannot be detected by any pc, you may try the following methods to update its driver to see whether it could work.
#1 Update wd disk driver in device manager
Firstly, delete the wd disk in device manager at first if it can show up here but did not function well on pc
Secondly, insert wd disk to pc again, and then come back to the device manager, click Action tab on the top, and then click "Scan for hardware changes"
#2 Update the wd disk in device manager by a right click update option
#3 Uninstall every item at the Universal Serial Bus controllers, and then restart pc, and insert wd disk again, click Action -> Scan for hardware changes
Also read: external hard drive not detected fixes
None of the above methods worked for you wd disk? => Your wd disk may be dead. If it's important, you may ask for support from WD or find some local disk repair shops for help.
WD official support: https://www.westerndigital.com/support
Online repair guide: https://www.icare-recovery.com/howto/online-repair.html
The solution offered on this page can work for different WD disks including My Passport SSD, My Passport SSD, WD_BLACK P50 disk for gaming, My Passport Go, My Passport Wireless...
Also read: external hard drive io device error
Question: WD hard drive cannot be initialized?
Answer: There might be logical damages on the wd disk that you may try repairing it with chkdsk cmd or free tool IM-Magic Partition Resizer Free.
Question: How do I fix a corrupted wd hard drive?
When a WD disk is not working, the logical damages can be repaired while it's hard to repair the physical damages. The logical damages can be repaired by such ways
Question: wd hard disk not detected on my computer, i/o device error
When your wd disk is not showing up in your computer, such as THIS PC, you may update its driver in device manager or insert the external wd disk to another usb socket or another pc to see what's the error, from the pc or the disk. There are four usb socket from the back of a desktop.
Question: how do I initialize a hard drive with an IO error?
When a hard drive has io error, you may firstly use diskpart attribute clean readonly command or a free tool such as IM-Magic Partition Resizer Free to remove the readonly property, or initialize the disk using cmd.
Details: how to initilialize hard drive
Question: WD My Passport I/O device error, cannot access my passport i/o device error
WD My Passport is an external hard drive manufactured by Western Digital Technologies, Inc. Many users bought this WD My Passport for removable data backup or other use. It's the feedback from user on the cyber world that their wd passport may suddenly show I/O error when they tried to connect the disk to computer.
The common ways to fix the WD my passport may involve in the following methods.
Some possible causes for io device error on WD external hard drive or wd internal disk
Also read: hard disk io device error fixes